Why good bosses tune in to their people

Know how to project power, counsels Stanford management professor Bob Sutton, since those you lead need to believe you have it for it to be effective. And to lock in your team’s loyalty, boldly defend their backs.

Bosses matter. They matter because more than 95 percent of all people in the workforce have bosses, are bosses, or both. They matter because they set the tone for their followers and organizations. And they matter because many studies show that for more than 75 percent of employees, dealing with their immediate boss is the most stressful part of the job. Lousy bosses can kill you—literally. A 2009 Swedish study tracking 3,122 men for ten years found that those with bad bosses suffered 20 to 40 percent more heart attacks than those with good bosses.

Bosses matter to everyone they oversee, but they matter most to those just beneath them in the pecking order: the people they guide at close range, who constantly tangle with the boss’s virtues, foibles, and quirks. Whether you are the CEO of a Fortune 500 company or the head chef at a restaurant, your success depends on staying in tune with the people you interact with most frequently and intensely.

All bosses matter, but those at the top matter most. Whether or not they know it, their followers monitor, magnify, and often mimic their moves. I worked with a large company where the CEO did almost all of the talking in meetings, interrupted everyone, and silenced dissenting underlings. His executive vice presidents complained about him behind his back, but when he left the room, the most powerful EVP started acting the very same way. When that EVP left, the next-highest-ranking boss began imitating him in turn.

The ripple effects of this CEO’s style are consistent with findings from peer-reviewed studies showing that senior executives’ actions can reverberate throughout organizations, ultimately undermining or bolstering their cultures and performance levels. When CEOs have far more pay and power than their direct reports do, for instance, performance can suffer if their subordinates feel they can’t stop them from making and implementing lousy decisions. A few years ago, I did a workshop with a management team struggling with “group dynamics” problems. Team members felt that their boss, a senior vice president, listened poorly and “ran over” others; he called his people “thin-skinned wimps.” I asked the team—the senior vice president and five direct reports—to do an exercise. The six of them spent 20 minutes brainstorming potential products and then narrowed their choices to the most feasible, the wildest, and the most likely to fail. McKinsey Quarterly

+Ler artigo completo: https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Governance/Leadership/Why_good_bosses_tune_in_to_their_people_2656

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The Case Against Corporate Social Responsibility – Executive Adviser an MIT SMR / Wall Street Journal Collaboration – MIT Sloan Management Review

The Case Against Corporate Social Responsibility – Executive Adviser an MIT SMR / Wall Street Journal Collaboration – MIT Sloan Management Review.

Is it really a flawed idea that companies have a responsibility to act in the public interest and will profit from doing so? An interesting approach in this article by Annel Karnani, Associate Professor of Strategy at the University of Michigan’s Stephen M. Ross School of Business, published at MIT SMR / Wall Street Journal

Health Checkup: Who Needs Organic Food?

Looking for a quick way to feel lousy about yourself? Then forget the idea of a healthy diet and just eat what your body wants you to eat. Your body wants meat; your body wants fat; your body wants salt and sugar. Your body will put up with fruits and vegetables if it must, but only after all the meat, fat, salt and sugar are gone. And as for the question of where your food comes from — whether it’s locally grown, sustainably raised, grass-fed, free range or pesticide-free? Your body doesn’t give a hoot.

But you and your body aren’t the only ones with a stake in this game. Your doctor has opinions about what you should eat. So does your family. And so too do the food purists who lately seem to be everywhere, insisting that everything that crosses your lips be raised and harvested and brought to market in just the right way. If you find this tiresome — even intrusive — you’re not alone. “It’s food, man. It’s identity,” says James McWilliams, a professor of environmental history at Texas State University. “We encourage people to eat sensibly and virtuously, and then we set this incredibly high bar for how they do it.” Time

+Ler completo: http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2011756_2011730,00.html

+Ler artigo completo: http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/0,28757,2011756,00.html?xid=newsletter-daily

Fumo do tabaco altera os genes

Investigadores estudaram o impacto do fumo do tabaco nos genes. E acreditam que, no futuro, será possível saber, com antecipação, que doentes virão a sofrer de doenças pulmonares, como o cancro.

“Não importa se está a entrar numa festa onde outras pessoas estão a fumar ou se fuma um cigarro por semana. Não importa o nível de exposição que tem, as suas células pulmonares sabem-no e estão a responder”. O aviso é de Ronald Cristal, cientista no Weill Cornell Medical College, em declarações à “Time”, que investigou o impacto do fumo do cigarro nos genes. E conseguiu provar, pela primeira vez, que tanto quem fuma um maço de cigarro por dia, como quem é apenas fumador passivo, sofre mutações genéticas e terá uma maior possibilidade de contrair doenças pulmonares, como o cancro.

Para provar que os genes dos fumadores passivos também estão a ser alterados, a equipa de Cristal testou todos os 25 mil genes já identificados, num grupo de 121 voluntários – fumadores e não fumadores. O objetivo era determinar quais dos genes estavam ativos e quais tinham sido “ligados” ou “desligados” em consequência do tabaco.

Os investigadores começaram por identificar 372 genes que estão ativos apenas nos fumadores. Depois, com base nos registos das análises dos voluntários quanto ao nível de nicotina, dividiram-nos em três grupos: fumadores com altos níveis de componentes associadas ao tabaco, não fumadores com baixos níveis desses componentes e um terceiro grupo com um nível de exposição intermédia.

Comparando os 372 genes nestes três grupos, os cientistas chegaram à conclusão que o grupo com baixos níveis de exposição ao tabaco partilhava 34% dos mesmos genes ativos que os não fumadores e 11% dos genes dos fumadores.

Estes resultados sugerem que as alterações genéticas sofridas entre os voluntários com baixa exposição ao fumo do tabaco (alguns destes eram apenas fumadores passivos) eram semelhantes às dos fumadores. E estas alterações poderiam representar os primeiros passos moleculares em direção ao cancro do pulmão, explica a “Time”. Só não houve ainda tempo suficiente para acompanhar os voluntários de modo a ter dados que confirmem esta tese.

Segundo Cristal, esta descoberta poderá vir a ajudar os médicos a despistar os doentes que terão mais probabilidade de vir a desenvolver doenças pulmonares, como o cancro do pulmão, em consequência da exposição ao fumo do tabaco. Expresso

+Ler notícia: http://aeiou.expresso.pt/fumo-do-tabaco-altera-os-genes=f599967

“New Challenges – New Answers” 53rd International ICAA Conference on Dependencies

For the first time in 115 years of international conferences, ICAA welcomes you to Mexico! The beautiful city of Cancún, situated in the federal state of Quintana Roo on the Caribbean coast in the south- east of the fifth largest country of the Americas will see the 53rd International ICAA Conference on Dependencies from 2nd to 6th November 2010.

Ver Site/Programa: http://www.icaa.ch/mexico2010.html

Seth Priebatsch: The game layer on top of the world to influence motivations and behaviours, at TED Conference